Sources

Sources For and About Celtic Poetry in North America

The following is a list of the sources (articles and books) in which the poems in this database appear and a selection of secondary sources. (Periodicals, such as newspapers and magazines, that carried individual items are not listed here.)

Breton

  • Éva Guillorel and Josette Jouas, “Fishermen and Farmers, Priests and Poets: The Bretons in North America,” in Celts in the Americas, (ed.) Michael Newton (Cape Breton University Press, 2013).

Irish

  • Antain MacLochlainn, “Travels in An t-Oileán Úr: the new world in gaelic literature”, Causeway (Summer 1995)
  • Kenneth Nilsen, “Irish Gaelic Literature in the United States,” in American Babel: Literatures of the United States, (ed.) Marc Shell (Harvard University Press, 2008).
  • Stiofán Ó hAnnrachán (ed.), Go Meiriceá Siar, (Cumann Merriman, 1979).
  • Tomás Ó h-Íde, “Emancipation Through Exile: Irish Speakers in the Americas,” in Celts in the Americas, (ed.) Michael Newton (Cape Breton University Press, 2013).

Scottish Gaelic

  • Margaret Bennett, The Last Stronghold: The Scottish Gaelic Traditions of Newfoundland (Breakwater Books, 1989).
  • Ronald Black (ed.), An Tuil: Anthology of 20th century Scottish Gaelic verse (Birlinn: 1999).
  • Robert Dunbar, “The Poetry of the Emigrant Generation,” Transactions of the Gaelic Society of Inverness 64 (2008): 22-125.
  • Charles Dunn, Highland Settler: A Portrait of the Scottish Gael in Cape Breton and Eastern Nova Scotia (Breton Books, 1991 [1953]).
  • Eilean Fraoich: Lewis Gaelic songs and melodies (Acair, 1982).
  • Margaret MacDonell (ed.), The Emigrant Experience: songs of Highland emigrants in North America (University of Toronto Press, 1982).
  • Donald Meek (ed.), Caran an t-Saoghail / The Wiles of the World: Anthology of 19th century Scottish Gaelic Verse (Birlinn, 2003).
  • Michael Newton, We’re Indians Sure Enough: The Legacy of the Scottish Highlanders in the United States (Saorsa Media, 2001).
  • Michael Newton, “Gaelic Literature and the Diaspora,” in Edinburgh History of Scottish Literature, (ed.) Susan Manning (Edinburgh University Press, 2006).
  • Michael Newton, “Tradition and Innovation in Twentieth-Century Scottish Gaelic Literature,” in The Edinburgh Companion to Scottish Traditional Literatures (Edinburgh University Press, 2013).
  • Michael Newton, “Bards of the Forests, Prairies and Skyscrapers: Scottish Gaels in the Americas,” in Celts in the Americas, (ed.) Michael Newton (Cape Breton University Press, 2013).
  • Michael Newton (ed.), Seanchaidh na Coille / The Memory-Keeper of the Forest: Anthology of Scottish Gaelic Literature of Canada (Cape Breton University Press, 2015).

 Welsh

  • John Edwards, Llais o’r llwyn: sef barddoniaeth ar amryfal destynau, &c. (Utica: 1854).
  • Jerry Hunter, Welsh Writing from the American Civil War: Sons of Arthur, Children of Lincoln (University of Wales Press, 2007).
  • Aled Jones and Bill Jones, Welsh Reflections: Y Drych and America, 1851-2001 (Gomer Press, 2001).
  • Gethin Matthews, “Miners, Methodists and Minstrels: The Welsh in the Americas and their Legacy,” in Celts in the Americas, (ed.) Michael Newton (Cape Breton University Press, 2013).
  • Rhiannon H. Williams, “Whose Friend from the Old Country? The Welsh-Language American Press and National Identity in the 19th Century,” in Celts in the Americas, (ed.) Michael Newton (Cape Breton University Press, 2013).